by Food Management & Research Support Project, Ministry of Food, Government of the People"s Republic of Bangladesh, International Food Policy Research Institute in Dhaka .
Written in English
|Statement||M. Kabirullah, Mahfoozur Rahman.|
|Series||FMRSP working paper ;, no. 21|
|Contributions||Rahman, Mahfoozur, of FMRSP Bangladesh., Food Management & Research Support Project (Bangladesh)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiv, 77 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||77|
|LC Control Number||2005310081|
2. Purpose of food grains storage. Food grain storage plays a crucial role in the economies of developed and developing countries. Quality food grains must be supplied to the consumers for making different products and marketing, as well as to the farmers for sowing and growing healthy cereals and pulse by: 2. Food grains during storage undergo certain physical, chemical and biological changes due to the presence of enzymes and bio-chemicals itself and the enzymes produced by the insects, pests and microbes or due to some other factors. These changes may deteriorate the quality of the grains. The government agency like Food Corporation of India(FCI) buy grains from farmers on large scale and store it in big godowns. What are the ways to store food grains on a large scale. The large scale storage of food grains is done in two ways: 1)In gunny bags. 2)In grain sillos. While big farmers keep food grains in the storage facilities provided by government agencies like Food Corporation of India. There are several factors which are responsible for losses of food grains such as environmental factors, type of storage structure used, length and purpose of storage, method of storing grains.
The chemical compounds, including both fumigants and contact insecticides, which are approved by FAD/WHO for use on food grains to control storage insects, are regularly reviewed. Their safety in use, for pest control operators and food-grain users, is carefully considered before approval is given and that approval may be withdrawn if new. Long-term Storage for Grains as Food Security Solution The lack of food security is an ever-present issue in the international arena. Both government agencies and non-government organizations work hard to tackle the problem and try to provide solutions to prevent millions of people affected by hunger and poverty from suffering its ill effects. As part of the U.S. Global Food Security Response and Feed the Future Initiatives, USAID’s Post-Harvest Handling and Storage (PHHS) Project set out to integrate farmers into commercial marketing channels as a way of driving investment in post-harvest technology and process improvements for staple crops, particularly maize, beans, and rice. Accurate estimates of post-harvest losses of grains are not reported by most of the countries in a consistent manner, but the losses can vary from 1 to 2% in some of the developed countries where grain is stored in well-managed facilities with aeration and drying capabilities (Fig. 1) to 20–50% in some of the less developed countries under poorly managed storage systems (Fig. 2), [2–4].
scientific grain storage techniques and facilities. A grain stored properly is equivalent to a grain produced. India produces about million tonnes of food grains in annually (FAO, ). About % of food grains are stored by the farmers for their own consumption. The Indian farmers prefer to store food. The size of the godown should be to accommodate at least MT of food grains along with a space of 25% for provision of alleys in between the stacks of different commodities with view to keeping the stock of each commodity separately and neatly arranged for easy identification. Storage of cereal grains is critical in terms of food security for the more than billion people inhabiting the world. The main purpose of grain storage is to equilibrate supply and demand, and this postharvest operation is a key step in the complex logistics of moving grain from producers to processors and grain products from processors to. The market for food grains is characterized by fairly stable demand throughout the year, and widely fluctuating supply. Generally speaking people’s consumption of basic foods such as grains does not vary greatly from one season to another or from year to year. Government Storage. Changes in government policy.